The evaluation of a student’s development in a specific course or degree programme is based on many factors. Schools and universities throughout the world use various ways of assessing and communicating a student’s status in their programmes. However, for long-term record-keeping purposes, a student’s progress is often summarized and codified by simple letter or number grades. Universities in most nations use generally accepted and documented instructions to translate records and degree information between their institutions. Records for students of U of N are established and transferred between locations by the system described in this section. Some U of N locations may choose to use a dual record system - one which is commonly used in their nation and the other described here for communication between U of N locations. Official U of N student records will contain the information outlined in this section.